Nicosia Cyprus Culture
Many Turkish Cypriots, who come from the south, are enchanted as they wander the streets of North Nicosia and Lefkosa, surprised at how time still stands after 30 years. In search of the remains of their culture, I set out to explore this side of Nicosia by bus to the coastal city of Larnaca.
The Turkish Cypriot leader Akinci is a political analyst and freelance writer, who mainly researches and writes about the history of Cyprus, its history and its people. The Turkish community in Northern Cyprus has been supported in the past by supporting the establishment of a new city in Lefkosa and the opening of the Larnaca Cultural Centre, and by changing many place names to Turkish.
The two communities have different religions and religious cultures, with Greek Cypriots traditionally being Greek Orthodox and Turkish Cypriot Muslims traditionally Sunni Muslims, which partially hinders cultural exchanges. Both religions have correspondingly great cultural and political influence, and both Cypriots are subject to a hierarchy that can be traced back to the Ottoman Empire and its occupation of the island in the late 19th century.
This unique situation makes cultural exchange one of the most important activities in Cyprus, and the first aspect of Cypriot culture experienced by foreigners in Cyprus is very welcome. The cultural divisions in Cypriot culture are also influenced by the cultural division within Cyprus due to the Green Line dividing Turkish and Greek Cypriots.
The culture of Northern Cyprus is the pattern of human activities and symbols associated with it and with the Turkish Cypriots. The culture of Cyprus is divided into two different cultures: the northern and southern cultures. Nicosia, the central capital of Cyprus, which Greek Cypriots call "Lefkosia," is divided by the Green Line, the border between the northern and southern parts of the island, and by a border line between Cyprus and Turkey.
One half of the capital belongs to the Republic of Cyprus and the other half to a self-proclaimed Turkish Republic in Northern Cyprus. The population is divided into two groups: the Turkish Cypriots (TCFS), which were proclaimed on 15 November 1983 and are recognised as legitimate only by Turkey itself. In 1983, Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots proclaimed the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC). The "Turkey - Cyprus Liberation Front," or "TCFS" as it is called, was proclaimed by the TC FS on 14 November 1983 as the legitimate government of Turkey and Turkey.
Today, the island is divided into two parts: the northern part of Cyprus and the southern part, known as the Independent Republic of Cyprus or Greek Cyprus, because it does not belong to Greece.
The Greek Cypriots, who have been seeking union with Greece and Enossis since the 1960s, used the Greek flag, while the Turkish Cypriots, who hoped to divide the island into Taksim, used the Turkish flag. Although they originally wanted the islands to remain under British rule and return to Turkey, the state was encouraged to support the unification of Cyprus with Turkey and the restoration of its own state. Greek Cyprus, they are flying the Greek flags of both republics instead of flying their own flags from Turkey.
Although the international community does not officially recognise the Turkish occupation of Northern Cyprus as legitimate, the Turks do not see themselves as Turks and believe in their legitimacy. TMT believes that the only solution is to divide the island, with Greek Cypriots on one side and Turks on the other. After all, they are the most populous ethnic group in Cyprus and also the largest religious group. Most of them belong to the autocephalous Orthodox Church of Cyprus, while most Turkish Cypriots are Muslims.
In order to counter the threat posed by Greek control of Cyprus, the Turks insist on living on the island, supported by Turkish Cypriots, and on their right to live and work on the islands. In the past, they have clashed with Greek Cypriots and the police to protest proposed constitutional changes that would strengthen the political power of the Greek Cypriot majority.
Today, Northern Nicosia is the capital of Northern Cyprus, but only Turkey is recognized as a state and the international community considers it an occupied Cypriot territory. When Turkey invaded Cyprus in 1974 and occupied the north of the islands, including northern Nicosia, separation became the basis for the creation of a new state - the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Cyprus - Turkey).
Violent clashes between Greek and Turkish Cypriots nearly triggered a 1967 war between Greece and Turkey, but the situation stabilized. Turkish troops invaded northern Cyprus in 1974 in response to an Athens-backed Greek Cypriot coup aimed at unifying with Greece, which was divided into two separate states - the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and Greek Cyprus.
Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders met to find possible solutions to the Cyprus problem, but unexpectedly Greek Cypriots abandoned their demand for Enossis and instead accepted an agreement guaranteeing their community's rights, including the right to self-determination and access to water and electricity. As economic conditions deteriorated and many Turkish settlers moved to northern Cyprus, which they considered better than Turkey, many left the country in search of better jobs and living conditions. The Turkish Cypriots have emerged from their enclaves and have begun to reintegrate into Greece, at least economically.